Handwriting fluency is fundamental to learning because children think and write at the sametime. When we teach children to write, we also teach them how to express themselves. If theystruggle to form their letters, their ability to express themselves will suffer. Childrenwho don't master handwriting may be slow, sloppy, or illegible writers. Spelling and mathare also affected.

  • Studies have estimated that between 10 to 30 percent of elementary school childrenstruggle with handwriting (Karlsdottir & Stephansson, 2002, as cited in Feder &Majnemer, 2007).
  • Children with poor handwriting skills will also have difficulty in other academicareas. Recent research implies that handwriting is critical to the production ofcreative and well-written text (Graham and Harris, 2005).
  • The addition of handwritten components to many state standardized assessments and of ahandwritten essay to the College Board SAT in 2005 further emphasize the importance ofhandwriting.
  • According to a study published in 1992 (McHale & Cermak), 85 percent of all fine motortime in second-, fourth-, and sixth-grade classrooms was spent on paper and pencilactivities.
  • Handwriting is an essential skill for both children and adults (Feder & Majnemer,2007).

Download the Arizona State HandwritingStandards