Fine Motor Skills

Fine motor skills involve the small muscles of the hands. We use fine motor skills every dayto manipulate small objects such as buttons, shoe laces, and unscrewing lids. Fine motorskills are dependent upon strength in the core and shoulders as well as in the arms andhands. Children with fine motor skills may have difficulties with fasteners, handwriting orcoloring, cutting, playing games with spinners, dice, or cards.

Reaching- extending the arm and hands towards and object; this requires control of thearm to have a precise reach towards the intended object
Grasping- how items are picked up; with mature grasping, items are approached fromthe top rather than the side
Carrying- this requires a sustained grasp on an object
Release- a child must have precision to release an object into a container
Manipulation- manipulation skills is how objects are manipulated through the hands

  • Finger to Palm Translation- getting a coin out of a change pouch
  • Fingers to Palm Translation with Stabilization- getting more than one coin out of achange pouch
  • Palm to Finger Translation- bringing a penny from palm to fingers
  • Palm to Finger Translation with Stabilization- holding coins in one hand while puttinginto soda machine
  • Shift- separating playing cards
  • Rotation- unscrewing a lid from a jar